Moderator: Marguerite Mahler
|It is imperative for the ELL teacher to have a good grasp of the structure of English and of the structure of languages in general. A solid foundation in linguistics help identify and assess learners language problems.|
|The following terms and concepts need to be defined and developed within the context of your responses to your written or oral comprehensive exam. Click here for brief descriptions of phonetics, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, syntax, and their subcomponents.|
Language and languages
1. Describe the English consonant and vowel chart and provide explanations as to why sounds are classified in this fashion.
2. Explain the role of the following features in speech production:[+ voiced / -voiced]; [+aspirated/ -aspirated]; [+high, -high]; [+low/ -low].
3. Make sure you can read words written in the International Phonetic Alphabet.
4. Describe English morphology in terms of word formation processes, the nature o morphemes, derivations and inflections, and affixes.
5. Can you explain what is structurally wrong with the following sentences:
6. Can you explain the structural differences in the following pairs:
7. Knowing the meaning of a sentence involves knowing the conditions under which it would be true, so explaining the meanng of a sentence can be done in part by explaining its truth conditions. (Language Files, p. 223, #5)
8. A special kind of speech act is known as "performative verbs" Explain speech action and give examples. (Language Files, chapter 8.2)
9. Using examples from the world's languagesdiscuss either the universality of language or the unicity of language.